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Disability and poverty study

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There is a consensus that impairment and disability are both causes and consequences of poverty. Whilst it is argued that this interaction can be broken via inclusive education, many questions remain. This study, using qualitative research methods, investigates local definitions and perceptions of disability and poverty; it examines the present educational arrangements available to poor people with disabilities and explores the meanings they attach to education and schooling. The study also focuses upon differences in participation, learning and social outcomes of education amongst people with disabilities, to establish enabling factors which break the cycle of deprivation facing poor people with disabilities.

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Terms of Reference

Progress on the Disability, Education & Poverty Study in India

Working Papers

Mugo, J.K., Oranga, J. & Singal, N. (2010). Testing youth transitions in Kenya: Are young people with disabilities falling through the cracks? RECOUP Working Paper 34.

Singal, N. & Bhatti, F. with Malik, R. (2009). Counting the invisible: understanding the lives of people with disabilities in Pakistan RECOUP Working Paper 24.

Singal, N., Jeffery, R., Jain, A. & Sood, N. (2009). 'With education you can do anything; without education there's nothing you can do'. Outcomes of schooling for young people with disabilities. RECOUP Working Paper 23.

Singal, N. (2008). Forgotten Youth: Disability and Development in India. RECOUP Working Paper 14. This paper was featured on the R4D website:

Singal, N. (2007). Conceptualising Disability and Education in the South: Challenges for Research. RECOUP Working Paper 10. This working paper has been included by the World Bank in their Disability Knowledge Kit to be shared with other UN and external agencies. The kit is tentatively titled, Inter-Agency Disability Knowledge Base.

Articles in Journals

Singal, N. (2010). Doing disability research in a Southern context: challenges and possibilities. Disability & Society, 25(4),415-426

Singal, N. with Jeffery, R. (2009). Transitions to adulthood for young people with disabilities in India: Current status and emerging prospects. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 20(1), 15-40.

Miles, S. & Singal, N. (2010). The Education for All and Inclusive Education debate: Conflict, contradiction or opportunity? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 14(1), 1-15.

Jeffery, R. & Singal, N. (2008). Measuring disability in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 43 (12-13), 22-24.

Commissioned Paper

Singal, N. (2009). Education for children with disabilities in India. A background paper for EFA GMR 2010. UNESCO: Paris.

Professional Materials

Jeffery, R. & Singal, N. (2008). Disability estimates: implications from a changing landscape of socio-political struggle. Policy Brief 3 RECOUP Series

Singal, N. & Jeffery, R. (2008). Qualitative research skills workshop: A facilitator's reference manual. Cambridge: RECOUP.


Jeffery, R., Singal, N. & Colclough, C. (2008). New Approaches to Cross-Cultural research on Education's Outcomes amongst the Poor: Reflections on RECOUP's Methodology. Paper presented at the British Association of International and Comparative Education conference, Glasgow, August 2008.

The first symposium on Disability, Development and Education was arranged at the 10th International Conference on Education and Development, Oxford (UK), September 2009.

Mugo, J., Oranga, J. & Singal. N. (2008). Testing youth transitions in Kenya: Are young people with disabilities falling through the cracks? Paper presented at the International Conference on Social and Human Development Outcomes of Education, 12-13 November 2008, Nairobi (Kenya).

Singal, N. (2008). Forgotten youth: Role of education in the lives of people with disabilities. Paper presented at the Symposium on 'Excluded youth: poverty, education and citizenship at the VIII International Conference on Asian Youth and Childhoods, organised by the International Sociological Association (ISA) in Lucknow (India), 22-24 November, 2007.

For more information, please email Nidhi Singal at